Regularly executing relevant IT continuity tests is crucial in estimating the effectiveness of the IT emergency plans. In this way, one can judge whether the provided redundant resources and the recovery plans would allow for the management of a real emergency. A test and exercise strategy specifies the commitments in the ITSCM policy regarding the frequency and scope of IT continuity tests and exercises that are to be performed. To simplify the test plans test types are defined (e.g. Functional test and real test). How each IT resource is to be tested is specified in the form of test concepts (type of switch-off or switch-over, risks during test execution, etc).
During the test planning, dates are established for each precise test to be executed within a year including the initial test, and their test goals are defined.